Tag Archives: vmware

Find VMs being replicated to a datastore with Get-VmdkFolders

I’m using vSphere Replication to replicate a number of VMs to a datastore which is being decommissioned. I can’t reconfigure replication by code (I’ve mentioned that there’s no public API or PowerCLI around the vSphere Replication functionality in vSphere 6.5 before- most recently on Twitter)  and I can’t multi-select VMs in the vSphere Web Client and reconfigure en-mass through the GUI.

There’s also no way of telling which VMs are being replicated to this datastore without going into the reconfigure dialogues for each one individually. That’s a lot of clicking before even starting to update the configuration.

I’ve put together a PowerCLI function takes a little of this pain away by establishing which folders on a given datastore contain VMDK files. I’ve already migrated any Virtual Machines off so any remaining VMDKs on the volume should be associated with a replication process. Additionally in this case the default folder name was used when setting up the replication so all the folder names correspond to a VM.

The function is called “Get-VmdkFolders” (as there’s potentially other uses for it) and is available on GitHub here. With this I now have a list of VMs that need manually reconfiguring.

PS C:\> Get-VmdkFolders "MyReplicationDatastore"
MyVM1
MyVM2
MyVM3
MyVM5
MyVM7

 

VMworld 2018 Early-Bird Registration Available

Registration for VMworld 2018 opened this week (8th May) with Early-Bird discounts available until 15th June for the US event, or 27th July for the European event. This gives prospective attendees a $300 / €200 discount on the regular price which runs up until the day before the respective events. This year VMworld US will again be in Las Vegas at the end of August, with the European leg staying in Barcelona but moving to early November.

I’ve seen no official word on why the EMEA event has moved down the calendar, but this does put it in a different financial quarter to the US event both for VMware and their partners. This should allow for more flexibility with both product releases and marketing budget through the year, especially when combined with the recent partner “Empower” event and Dell Technologies World both sat in the spring.

Full details of the event, along with the registration details are available at vmworld.com. The site features a link at the top of the page to choose between the Las Vegas and Barcelona events.

vSAN Licensing: Expanding Clusters and Setting off Alerts

vSAN licenses are assigned per-cluster, so whilst the total number of vSAN licenses in a vCenter inventory might match the total number of vSAN host CPUs, they may not be assigned correctly to the clusters. This will trigger the critical vCenter alarm “License inventory monitoring”. This will also occur if a cluster is expanded (e.g. additional hosts and vSAN licenses are purchased) as it’s only possible to assign one license key to each cluster.

In the example screenshot here we have 2 vSAN license keys, each valid for 8 CPU. The total 16 CPU capacity matches the 16 CPU in use. However, one cluster has 10 CPUs (i.e. 5 dual socket hosts) and the other only 6 CPU. Therefore one license key is 2 CPU oversubscribed whilst the other has 2 free.

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The method to resolve this is to use the MyVMware license portal to split and merge your pool of vSAN licenses until you have license keys where the capacities match your cluster sizes, and then re-license the vSAN environment. This VMware KB article explains in detail how to do this divide, and merging is a similar process on the same interface: https://kb.vmware.com/s/article/2006972

In the example screenshot above, this was a case of splitting one of the 8 CPUs into a 6 and a 2, and then merging that 2 with the remaining 8 CPU key to create a 10 CPU key and a 6 CPU key which matched the cluster sizes. The old 8-CPU key that was split was removed from the license inventory.

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Content Library fails to create when target datastore contains a space

Symptoms

A quick note on an issue I spotted in VMware vSphere 6.5 when creating a new content Library. If the datastore being used for the new library contains a space in it’s name then the Create Content Library process fails. The error given is “The specified parameter was not correct: The provided storage backing xxxxx xx for library xxxxx-xxxx-xxxx-xxx is invalid.”. For example, if a second vSAN cluster has been created and the default name “vsanDatastore (1)” was used for the datastore.

 

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Solution

Rename the target datastore to a name which does not contain a space then repeat the Content Library creation process.

 

Notes

This occurred in my environment running vSphere 6.5 (vCenter VCSA build 6.5.0.14000) and hasn’t been thoroughly tested for repeatability (at least by me).

VMworld

VMworld 2018 Call for Papers

The Call for Papers for VMworld 2018 is now live, running until March 13th. As with last year, this is for both the US and Europe legs of the event, even though the Barcelona date has been moved to early November. This seems a little odd given the speed of change in tech, submitting a topic eight months before the event, but I’d hope that space is left in the program for new developments and releases to be covered when the show comes across the Atlantic.

If you’re interested in submitting a session, Eric Siebert has some good tips over on vsphere-land.com on how to get it approved. Having never submitted for the conference (with the exception of a vBrownbag appearance), I’m not going to offer any further advice from that point of view, but I do have one request as a regular attendee:

Appropriate Naming

Please, please, title and describe your session appropriately. Whilst phrases like “Deep Dive” or “Customer Story” often draw in the audience, they are going to leave disappointed if they get an introductory level view of the product, or the only reference to the customer is “we sold it to them”. A big crowd leaving bad feedback isn’t going to impress.

At last year’s event I saw some excellent Deep Dives – the vSAN Troubleshooting DeepDive (STO1315BE) and the vSphere 6.5 Host Resources Deep Dive (SER1872BE) are great examples of talks with some awesome in-depth content. However I was in another “Deep Dive” where the presenters spent a sizeable amount of time giving an introduction to the product in question before trundling through marketing slides. I’m not going to name and shame here- I raised it appropriately in the session feedback at the time- but it did feel like I’d wasted an hour out of my schedule. Time at the event is valuable and limited, so attendees try and get the most out of every hour.

Don’t let this detract anyone from attending and registering for sessions- in my experience the majority of sessions are well labelled in the Content Catalog- but if you are thinking of presenting please make sure to describe your session correctly and help improve the experience even more. I’m looking forward to seeing what sessions are going to be on the list this year, and hoping to be there in person (subject to obtaining a conference pass).